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Hand position

Arm over Arm




  • Feet position
  • Lathe - demo on how clutch works
  • How to find friction point - slight roll on a hill
  • Stalling and how to prevent this from ever happening
  • Next step after finding friction point - revs, then starting to turn the wheels while listening to the motor to see if it can do it.
  • Never stall or bunny hop


We should rev the motor to a nice sound by listening to it, not looking at the rev counter as this only tells you a number and you're also taking your eyes off the road.

Always listen to the motor, that's whats going to tell you whether it can do the job or not. If the motor is revving, then go up a gear, if struggling then go down a gear and if neither and sounds good, leave it where it is.

Rev the motor to get enough speed up to change into the next gear so you don't loose too much speed and also not engage the accelerator until completely off the clutch.

Good way to test if you're in the correct gear is to hit the accelerator to the floor and if you find the car sluggish or not immediately responsive then you're in too high a gear. You won't have the power to get out of dangers way.

Lane Change

Work out where you are going to turn or move and make sure you have Mirrors/Indicator/Head Check all done prior to reaching the spot where you will move or turn.

Mirrors - check where other vehicle are prior to touching indicator

Indicator - Only indicate if you have a car in the lane next to you either far enough away they can see your indicator or they are next to you so they can't see your indicator so we don't scare them into thinking you are going to move into them. We know what we are going to do but must tell everyone else well before we do move. Indicator should operate for a minimum of 3sec, but ideally, indicator should operate long enough for other drivers to firstly notice your indicator, then for them to work out what you're planning to do so they can then work out what they can do (need to change lanes, stop, etc), which keeps both you and them safe.

Head Check - Should be done just prior to moving to ensure no one is in your blind spot (mirrors don't show - demo of watching car approach in side mirror and it disappearing in the blind spot)

Keeping gap all the time

Interior Mirror - seeing entire windscreen/headlights of vehicle in other lane


  • Reverse Parallel Park
  • Bay parking - to the left - mirror line
  • Bay parking - to the right

Rear Wheel Position



Parallel Park


With Trailer etc

Slow enough that if you make a mistake you only nudge a person rather than seriously injure or kill, or just touch a fixed object (pole, car, tree, gate, building, etc) so there's minimal or no damage at all to both your vehicle and the fixed object rather than massive damage.

Greatest Challenge for every driver to overcome

  • Driving is simple and safe if you keep it that way.
  • Learn not to hurry. Keep it simple, is it safe to go or not?


Don't look at the gearstick, learn to feel where it is.

Gear changing - keep revs as they are until clutch starts to disengage and then start to come off the accelerator. There will be jolting if you come off the accelerator prior to commencing the disengaging of the clutch or still on the accelerator once the clutch is disengaged. (use lathe the demo this)

Always place your hand on the gearstick prior to disengaging the clutch. For 2 reasons, you know which gear you're in and where you need to move it to. Secondly, if you put light pressure on the gearstick while accelerating (won't come out of the gear) and when you go to change gears and commencing to disengage the clutch, the gearstick will drop into neutral and as the clutch completely disengages you can slip the gearstick straight into the next gear without losing much speed (great for steep hills, otherwise you will end up back into the gear you just came out of).

Road Positioning

Equal distance from gutter & line

2 sec distance from vehicle in front - allows for better visibility and time to pull up. 3 sec in the wet.

Road wide enough for 2 vehicles in same direction without line markings other than centre of the road line, must keep near the kerb to allow cars to overtake. Any movement from the kerb to the white centre line or the reverse, M/I/HC is required as your vehicle has moved a whole car width. Visual the missing white line that would seperate the two lanes you're travelling in and you would then know you had to use your M/I/HC.

Any movement of your vehicle to the left or right and the movement is a whole car width, then it's classed as a lane change and M/I/HC required (as detailed above or going around a big truck that's parked).

'T' Intersections

A good rule: Prior to reaching the actual intersection, can we see far enough up the intersecting road in both directions to see if it is safe to continue or not. If not, always stop (kids on bikes on footpath - give example. Cars going around parked cars)

Early Observation

Looking miles up the road

Looking at every road sign

Looking for movement always, to see if it relates to you or not

Feet under cars

Cars entering through stopped line of traffic

Check mirrors every 4-5sec

Visualise white line up the middle of your road and know you must keep to your side of the white line at all times and only can you go onto the opposite side of the line if there's an obstruction on your side of the road and it's safe to go onto the opposite side of the road to get around the obstruction and that any oncoming vehicle should not have to stop or give way to you as it's their side of the road and you have misjudged the timing if they have to.

Giving way to oncoming traffic on a narrow road/street (as per above)

Pre Amble

These are only guidelines in assisting you to learn how to drive safely.

We take no responsibility for any of your actions as any driving are your own individual actions and it is your responsibility to drive safety and with due care.

Blind Spot - Why do we need to do a headcheck

Head Check - Should be done just prior to moving to ensure no one is in your blind spot (mirrors don't show - demo of watching car approach in side mirror and it disappearing in the blind spot)


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